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Paper on humiliation during initiation rituals published in Cognition and Emotion

Initiation rituals in fraternities or the army may contain aversive elements such as humiliation, but it is generally assumed that these rituals lead to strong affiliation among novices. However, humiliation is not associated with affiliation, but rather with tendencies to withdraw from others. In the current studies, Mann, Feddes, Doosje and Fischer find support for the idea that experienced humiliation during initiation rituals is associated with less, rather than more, group-affiliation, in particular when one is initiated as sole group member rather than as part of the group. You can find the article, published in Cognition and Emotion, by clicking the link below. 

Withdraw or affiliate? The role of humiliation during initiation rituals