Validated sets of vocalizations from the UK, Namibia, and the Netherlands include:
|1. Anger||5. Surprise|
|2. Fear||6. Amusement|
|3. Disgust||7. Triumph|
|4. Sadness||8. Relief|
In addition to the 8 vocalizations listed above, the validated set of vocalizations from the US is larger and includes 14 other stimuli:
|1. Contempt||8. Desire|
|2. Embarrassment||9. Enthusiasm|
|3. Guilt||10. Gratitude|
|4. Shame||11. Interest|
|5. Awe||12. Love|
|6. Compassion||13. Pride|
|7. Contentment||14. Sensory Pleasure|
Laughter clips from France, the UK, Japan, the Netherlands, the US, and Namibia are also available. These stimuli are freely available to investigators for use in scientific research, but no commercial use is permitted.
If you would like to use nonverbal vocalizations of emotion in your research, get in touch with Dr Disa Sauter.