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The ADFES is a rich stimulus set comprising 648 filmed emotional expressions. What sets the ADFES stimulus set apart from previous sets is:

  • The set consists of dynamic expressions rather than static pictures
  • The set features displays of nine emotions: the six ‘basic’ emotions (anger, disgust, fear, joy, sadness, and surprise), as well as contempt, pride and embarrassment
  • Expressions are displayed by 22 models (10 female, 12 male)
  • The set includes both Northern-European and Mediterranean models
  • The set utilizes active head-turning to clarify the directedness of the expressions

For these reasons, we expect that this stimulus set is useful for various types of research. The ADFES is freely available to investigators for use in scientific research. Non-commercial use of the set is permitted. The stimuli in the ADFES have been validated in two studies and received excellent recognition rates. More information about the creation and validation of the set can be found in Moving faces, looking places: The Amsterdam Dynamic Facial Expressions Set (ADFES)

About the Authors

  • Job van der Schalk

    Job van der Schalk currently is a Research Associate at the School of Psychology, Cardiff University, UK. His research focuses on responses to emotions of others and cooperative behavior. He received his PhD at the University of Amsterdam with the thesis “Echoing emotions: Reactions to emotional displays in intergroup context” (2010).

  • Skyler Hawk

    Dr. Hawk currently works as an Assistant professor of Educational Psychology at The Chinese University of Hong Kong. His areas of research interest and specialization include:​ Privacy, disclosure and secrecy in close relationships, emotion communication, emotion regulation, and empathy, social networking behavior and media use in adolescence, and sexual development.


  • Agneta Fischer

    Agneta Fischer is a full professor in the Social Psychology group and director of the Psychology Research Institute at the University of Amsterdam. She has conducted research on various themes in emotion psychology, such as the role of culture and gender on emotion, social contextual influences on facial expression and recognition of emotions, and on more specific emotions, such as anger and contempt.

    Prof. dr. A.H. (Agneta) Fischer

    Executive Staff


  • Bertjan Doosje

    Bertjan Doosje is Professor at the University of Amsterdam in The Netherlands. His research interests include intergroup relations, group-based emotions, terrorism, and the terror management theory. He has published numerous journal articles and has written and co-edited books on social identity theory, group-based guilt, and terrorism. He is an Associate Editor of Group Processes and Intergroup Relations.

    Dr. E.J. (Bertjan) Doosje

    Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences

    Programme group Social Psychology


Should you have any questions about the ADFES Stimulus set, please do not hesitate to contact Agneta Fisher. 

Prof. dr. A.H. (Agneta) Fischer

Executive Staff